Take Home Exam in Ancient Philosophy

Part I

1.     What is reflexivity? How is it related to philosophy as a way of thinking.

2.      Explain how philosophy is a dispositional act.

3.     Certain habits of thoughts impede reasoning.  Identify at least three of these habits and demonstrate how philosophy can cast them away.

4.      Philosophy must be comprehensive and dynamic in its view of reality.  Discuss this point using the notion of reflexivity.

Part II

1.     Explain the difference between the pre-philosophic and the philosophic Greece.

2.     Demonstrate how Thales’s view that ‘all things are full of gods’ is a reflexive principle. Relate it to the pre-philosophic nature of mythological thinking that prevailed before Thales.

3.     Discuss the difference standpoints of Thales and Anaximander. 

4.     How may you relate Anaximander’s theory of apeiron to reflexivity?

5.     Explain Heraclitus’ theory of the unity of opposites.  Relate it to the symbolism of fire.

6.     Explain Xenophanes’ enlightenment. Relate his stance to the paganism prevalent in his time.


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